Department of Pediatrics - Corazon Locsin Montelibano Memorial Regional Hospital
Efficacy of Rice Based Oral Rehydration Solution versus Glucose Based Oral Rehydration Solution in the Treatment of Acute Watery Diarrhea with Some Dehydration in Patients 6 to 36 months of Age Admitted in a Tertiary Hospital
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of rice based oral rehydration solution versus glucose based oral rehydration solution in the treatment of acute watery diarrhea with some dehydration in pediatric patients 6 to 36 months of age admitted in a Tertiary Government Hospital in Bacolod City from October to December 2012.
DESIGN: Randomized Prospective Study Design
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Efficacy of rice based oral rehydration solution versus glucose based oral rehydration solution in the treatment of acute watery diarrhea with some dehydration in pediatric patients 6 to 36 months of age using parameters of stool output volume, frequency and consistency for comparison.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the patients given Rice based-ORS and Glucose based- ORS in terms of stool volume and amount of ORS taken. The rice-based ORS group had significantly lesser stool frequency and had faster transition of stool consistency from watery/loose to mushy thus had a shorter duration of diarrhea compared to the glucose based ORS group.
CONCLUSION: The results show that the use of rice-based ORS solution is better than glucose based-ORS in the treatment of children with acute watery diarrhea.
RECOMMENDATION: The use of rice based-ORS is recommended for acute watery diarrhea with some dehydration in children 6 to 36 months. Further studies are recommended using a larger scale of subjects and a different setting.